The Meaning of Suhbah Tijaniyah Tariqa in Building Adab

  • Muhammad Thoriqul Islam Universitas Darussalam Gontor, Indonesia http://orcid.org/0009-0008-7120-8323
  • Khoiruddin Nasution Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Abstract

One of the impacts of current technological developments is the need for exemplary student behaviour in thinking, behaving, speaking, and acting. As a result, it will have an impact on reducing student morals. This factor is triggered by various life problems, such as anxiety, anxiety, and stress, which are caused by the lack of teacher supervision. In Sufism terms, this teacher's observation is called suhbah. Suhbah is a concept in Sufism that examines the relationship between murshid and student. This concept is implemented through the practices of mujahadah and riyadah, where the guidance of a murshid guides students through a spiritual journey to the level of Ihsan. These Sufism teachings can be obtained through a Sufistic approach, which emphasizes the development of spiritual education, known as tarbiyah rûhiyyah. This research focuses on the meaning of suhbah of the Tijaniyah Tariqa in building adab. This qualitative research uses the literature review method, collects data through journals, books, and documentaries, and then analyzes it using thematic analysis techniques. Interviews were also conducted with the trek at murshids and observations at the research site where they (the tarekat followers) carried out the amaliyah of wirid lazimah, wazifah, and hailalah. The results of the research show that subah in the Tijaniyah Tariqa can be interpreted as a special relationship between the murshid and the disciple, which involves spiritual aspects such as spiritual initiation, the use of akhirah, and the process of self-purification through the practices of wirid lazimah, wazifah, and hailalah. This concept emphasizes the transformation of adab values as the primary key to achieving ma'rifatullah based on a vertical and horizontal approach based on the values established by its founder, Ahmad Tijani.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

[1] al-Ghazali, A. H. (1327). Khalâsah Tasânif al-Tasawwuf. Mesir: al-Sa’âdah.
[2] Al-Ghazali, A. H. (1992). Ihyâ Ulûm al-Dîn (Jilid III). Beirut: Dâr al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah.
[3] Al-Ghazali, A. H. (2005). Ihya Ulumuddin (Cet. 1). Beirut-Lebanon: Dar Ibnu Hazm.
[4] Al-Kurdi, M. A. (1991). Tanwir al-Qulub fi Mu’amalati ‘Allami al-Ghuyub. Suriyah-Halb: Dar Al-Qalam al-Arabiy.
[5] al-Mudarris, A. K. M. (1986). Mawaheb Al Rahman Fi Tafseer Al Quran (Jilid 2, C). Baghdad: Dar al-Hurriyah.
[6] Al-Naqsabandi, A.-U., & Zadah, M. A. (2012). Bughyah al-Wâhid fî Maktûbât Hadrâh Mawlânâ Khâlid. Beirut: Dâr al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah.
[7] Al-Sya’rani, A. W. (2007). Al-Anwar fi Adab al-Suhbah Inda Al-Akhyar (Cet. 1). Damaskus: Maktabah Abi Ayyub al-Anshori.
[8] al-Tabrani, A. Q. S. bin A. (1995). Mu’jam al-Ausath (Juz 3). Mesir: Dar al-Haramain.
[9] Al-Tirmidzi, A. A. M. bin A. bin H. bin B. al-M. al-H. (2010). Nawadir al Ushul fi Ma’rifah Ahadis Al Rasul (Juz 4, Cet). Suriyah-Damaskus: Dar al-Nawadir.
[10] al Bukhari, A. M. bin I. (1992). Shahih Bukhari (Cet. 1). Beirut: Dar al Kotob Al Ilmiyah.
[11] An-Naisaiburi, I. A. A.-H. M. bin H. A.-Q. (1992). Shahih Muslim (Jilid 6, C) (Jilid 6, C). al-Qahirah: Dar al-Ta’sil.
[12] An-Naqsyabandi, A.-Q. M. S. A. A.-U. A.-M. (2004a). Tafsir al-Madhari (Juz 4) (Juz 4). Beirut-Lebanon: Dar Ihya al-Turats al-Arabiy.
[13] An-Naqsyabandi, A.-Q. M. S. A. A.-U. A.-M. (2004b). Tafsir al-Madhari (Juz 5) (Juz 5). Beirut-Lebanon: Dar Ihya al-Turats al-Arabiy.
[14] An-Naqsyabandi, A.-Q. M. S. A. A.-U. A.-M. (2004c). Tafsir al-Madhari (Juz 7) (Juz 7). Beirut-Lebanon: Dar Ihya al-Turats al-Arabiy.
[15] An-Nazifi, M. F. bin ‘Abdul W. as-S. (1984). Ad-Durrat al-Kharidah Syarah al-Yaqutah al-Faridah. Beirut: Dar al-Fikr.
[16] Arjun, M. S. (1967). At-Tasawwuf fi al-Islam. Aljazair: Maktabah al-Kulliyat.
[17] Badaruddin, F., & Mahyuddin, M. K. (2021). Autoriti Sanad Tarekat dan Peranannya dalam Ilmu Tasawuf. International Journal of Islamic Thought, 20(2), 34–44. https://doi.org/10.24035/ijit.20.2021.208
[18] Bano, S., & Haq, I. ul. (2019). Poly-symbolic Religiosity and the Dilemmas of American Sufism; an Ethnographic Study of Zikr at a Sufi Shrine in Manhattan. Journal of Islamic Thought and Civilization (JITC), 9(1), 106–118. https://doi.org/10.32350/jitc
[19] Batsal, H. (2021). Model Internalisasi Nilai Akhlak-Tarekat Terhadap Aktualisasi Kesadaran Ilmiah Murid: Studi Multi Kasus Murid di MA Hidayatullah Kabupaten Bondowoso dan di MA Badridduja Kabupaten Probolinggo. Malang: Pascasarjana UIN Maulana Malik Ibrahim.
[20] Fauhatun, F. (2022). Mysticism and Treatment: Tools of Healing and Case Study Practices of Spiritual Alternative Medicine in Boarding Schools. Majalah Ilmu Pengetahuan Dan Pemikiran Keagamaan Tajdid, 25(1), 54–68. https://doi.org/10.15548/tajdid.v25i1.4154
[21] Feriyanto & Nurhasanah. (2019). Shuhbah Sebagai Interaksi Komunikasi Antara Murid dan Mursyid Thoriqoh Qodiriyah Naqsabandiyah Pondok Pesantren Suryalaya. IKTISYAF: Jurnal Ilmu Dakwah Dan Tasawuf, 1(1), 42–52. https://moraref.kemenag.go.id/documents/article/99226966393108355
[22] Hamat, M. F., & Shuhari, M. H. (2017). Al-Ghazaliâ s thought on Ethics of Living in the Society Based on Bidayah Al-Hidayah. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 7(6). https://doi.org/10.6007/ijarbss/v7-i6/3043
[23] Harazim, S. A. (1997). Jawahirul Ma’ani wa Bulughul Amani (Juz 1). Beirut-Lebanon: Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyah.
[24] Heriyanto. (2018). Thematic Analysis sebagai Metode Menganalisa Data untuk Penelitian Kualitatif. Anuva, 2(3), 317–324. https://doi.org/10.14710/anuva.2.3.317-324
[25] Hermansyah, & Wiradinata, G. (2020). Shuhbah Sebagai Komunikasi Terapeutik dalam Pembentukan Karakter. IKTISYAF: Jurnal Ilmu Dakwah Dan Tasawuf, 2(2), 1–16. https://doi.org/10.53401/iktsf.v2i2.16
[26] Hidayat, A., Fatimah, S., & Rosidin, D. N. (2022). Challenges and Prospects of Islamic Education Institutions and Sustainability in The Digital Era. Nazhruna: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, 5(2), 351–366. https://doi.org/10.31538/nzh.v5i2.2106
[27] Hurriyah, I. (2011). Tarekat Tijaniyah di Kemlaten Karangpilang Surabaya (Studi Etnografi). Perpustakaan IAIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya.
[28] Husnain, M. bin A. bin. (1946). al-Fath ar-Rabbani. Mesir: Maktabah al-Qahirah.
[29] Ikhwan, A. (2021). Metode Penelitian Dasar (Mengenal Model Penelitian dan Sistematikanya). Tulungagung: STAI Muhammadiyah Tulungagung.
[30] Indra. (2018). Analisis Hubungan Islam, Spritualitas, dan Perubahan Sosial. TSAQAFAH: Jurnal Peradaban Islam, 14(2), 348–362. https://doi.org/10.21111/tsaqafah.v14i2.2292
[31] Isfahani, R., & Muhammad, H. I. (1992). Al-Mufradat fi Gharib al-Quran. In Dar al-Fikr (p. 557).
[32] Jaelani, A., & Arwani, W. (2020). Tarekat Tijaniyah: Sejarah Perkembangan, Ajaran, Dan Dinamika Ekonomi Di Cirebon [IAIN Syekh Nurjati Cirebon]. http://repository.syekhnurjati.ac.id/id/eprint/4188
[33] Jannah, D., & Wahidin, K. (2022). Upaya Kyai dalam Pembinaan Akhlak Santri Melalui Thoriqoh Tijaniyah di Pondok Pesantren. Jurnal Basicedu, 6(1), 42–50. https://doi.org/10.31004/basicedu.v6i1.1885
[34] Kadir, A. Y. A., Zabidi, A. F. M., & Yaacob, S. E. (2022). Pembangunan Kerohanian Usahawan Melayu di Malaysia : Tinjauan dari Perspektif Guru-Guru Murshid. ‘Abqari Journal, 27, 158–175. https://doi.org/10.33102/abqari.vol27no1.522
[35] Keshavarzi, H., & Haque, A. (2013). Outlining a Psychotherapy Model for Enhancing Muslim Mental Health Within an Islamic Context. International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 23(3), 230–249. https://doi.org/10.1080/10508619.2012.712000
[36] Khanfar, H. (2009). Gayah Al-Munawwah fi Adab As-Suhbah wa Huququl-Ukhuwah. Saudi Arabia: Dar As-Siddiq.
[37] Kosasih, A. (2015). The tradition for spiritual learning (Tariqat) through a sequence of Holy Phrases (Tijaniyah): The case of Darussalam Boarding School. Asian Social Science, 11(21), 71–77. https://doi.org/10.5539/ass.v11n21p71
[38] Mudin, M. I. (2015). Suhbah: Relasi Mursyid dan Murid dalam Pendidikan Spiritual Tarekat. TSAQAFAH, 11(2), 399–416. https://doi.org/10.21111/tsaqafah.v11i2.275
[39] Muhammad, G., Ahmad Eq, N., & Suhartini, A. (2021). Konsep Akhlak Tasawuf Dalam Proses Pendidikan Islam. Ta’dib : Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, 10(2), 228–236. https://doi.org/10.29313/tjpi.v10i2.7891
[40] Muhammad, Y. K. (2004). Mausû’ah Yûsufiyyah fî Bayân Adillah al-Sûfiyyah. Kairo: Dâr al-Taqwa.
[41] Mulyadi, G., & Evendi, W. (2022). Relevansi Konsep Pendidikan Akhlak Terhadap Pendidikan Akhlak Madrasah Ibtidaiyah. Berajah Journal, 2(4), 771–794. https://doi.org/10.47353/bj.v2i4.163
[42] Muzaiyana. (2019). Gerakan Tarekat Tijaniyah Dalam Masyarakat Madura di Probolinggo (1930-2010). Program Pascasarjana UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung.
[43] Noor’ainah. (2011). Ajaran Tasawuf Tarekat Tijaniyah. Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Ushuluddin, 10(1), 87–105. https://doi.org/10.18592/jiu.v10i1.746
[44] Okoli, C., & Schabram, K. (2012). A Guide to Conducting a Systematic Literature Review of Information Systems Research. SSRN Electronic Journal, 10(May 5), 1–3. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1954824
[45] Omar, S. H. ., Rahimah, E., Adam, F., Othman, M. ., Basri, I., Z., E. I. E. W., Safri A., M., Baru, R., Mohamad, M. Z., & Suhaibah, O. (2017). Techniques of Practicing Muraqaba by Sufis in Malay Archipelago. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 7(5), 347–357. http://dx.doi.org/10.6007/IJARBSS/v7-i5/2973
[46] Sarbini, M. N., & Ismail, N. (2017). Peranan Suhbah Dalam Motivasi Taubat. Persidangan Antarabangsa Sains Sosial & Kemanusiaan 2 (PASAK 2), Sosiologi, 259–270.
[47] Shafwan, M. H., & Zakariya, D. M. (2021). An Analysis of the Tawhid Education Model at the al-Ikhlash Islamic Boarding School Lamongan, Indonesia. TSAQAFAH: Jurnal Peradaban Islam, 17(1), 141–162. https://doi.org/10.21111/tsaqafah.v17i1.6662
[48] Susanti, A. (2016). Penanaman Nilai - Nilai Tasawuf dalam Pembinaan Akhlak. Al-Tadzkiyyah: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, 7(2), 277–297. http://dx.doi.org/10.24042/atjpi.v7i2.1508
[49] Team. (2012). Manaqib Thoriqoh At-Tijaniyah (Higiohgrafi Syaikh Ahmad at-Tijani dan Ajaran Thoriqohnya) (2nd ed.). Jakarta: PT. Pustaka Akindo Jakarta.
[50] Ubaidah, S. (2008). Mizab al-Rahmah al-Rabbaniyah fi al-Tarbiyah bi al-Tariqah al-Tijaniyyah. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyah.
[51] Zabidi, A. F. M., Kadir, A. Y. A., & Yaacob, S. E. (2023). Principles of Islamic Spirituality Towards Producing Successful Entrepreneurs : Perspective of Tariqah Entrepreneur. Islamiyyat, 45(1), 181–193. https://doi.org/10.17576/islamiyyat-2023-4501-16
[52] Zabidi, A. F. M., Zabidi, M. M., Abdullah, W. N. W., Ishak, H., Hussin, H., & Razali, W. Q. A. W. (2020). Pengajaran reflektif berteraskan nilai ‘al-suhbah. AJTLHE, 12(2), 17–35. http://www.malrep.uum.edu.my/rep/Record/my-ukm.journal.17054/Details
[53] Zulfahmi, Jamil, A. I., & Abdul Kadir, F. A. (2021). Exploring the Foundation of the Teacher-Student Relationship. Journal of Islamic Educational Research (JIER), 6, 35–51. https://ejournal.um.edu.my/index.php/JIER/article/view/31184
Published
2024-04-07
How to Cite
ISLAM, Muhammad Thoriqul; NASUTION, Khoiruddin. The Meaning of Suhbah Tijaniyah Tariqa in Building Adab. Al-Hayat: Journal of Islamic Education, [S.l.], v. 8, n. 2, p. 421-432, apr. 2024. ISSN 2599-3046. Available at: <https://alhayat.or.id/index.php/alhayat/article/view/450>. Date accessed: 29 may 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.35723/ajie.v8i2.450.