Multiple Intelligences-Based Learning Strategies for Islamic Religious Education in Private Elementary Schools

Abstract

This research examines the application of multiple intelligences-based learning strategies in Islamic religious education learning in several elementary schools in Medan, including planning, implementation, and evaluation, as well as supporting and inhibiting factors, to assess the effectiveness and challenges in supporting diverse learning. This research uses qualitative methods with a phenomenological approach to examine multiple intelligences-based learning strategies in Islamic religious education in four Elementary Schools (SD) in Medan, namely Panca Budi Private Elementary School, Anbata Plus Elementary School, Shafiyyatul Amaliyah Elementary School, and Brigjend Katamso Private Elementary School, through observation, interviews and documentation, with data analysis using the Miles and Huberman model and testing the validity of the data through triangulation. The research results show that teachers plan to prepare syllabi, lesson plans, and assessments based on multiple intelligence strategies. A multiple intelligences approach to religious learning recognizes each student's unique intelligence, increases their engagement, and expands the development of numerous relevant aspects of intelligence. This strategy encourages students' learning motivation and creates an inclusive environment while teachers adapt the centre's syllabus and use multiple learning methods. Evaluation is based on the student's learning process and intelligence, with the school and parents actively supporting this process. Although supporting factors include teachers' mastery of the material and student's interest in learning, some obstacles include limited perceptions about Islamic religious education, a limited evaluation system, and a lack of supervision of teaching by school principals and school supervisors. The implications of this research contribute to educational literature on integrating multiple intelligence strategies in religious learning, which opens up space for further research development.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Ahmed, F. (2018). An exploration of Naquib al-Attas’ theory of Islamic education as ta’dīb as an ‘indigenous’ educational philosophy. Educational Philosophy and Theory, 50(8), 786–794. https://doi.org/10.1080/00131857.2016.1247685
[2] Akkuzu, N., & Akçay, H. (2011). The design of a learning environment based on the theory of multiple intelligence and the study its effectiveness on the achievements, attitudes and retention of students. Procedia Computer Science, 3(1), 1003–1008. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procs.2010.12.165
[3] Alhamuddin, A., Inten, D. N., Mulyani, D., Suganda, A. D., Juhji, J., Prachagool, V., & Nuangchalerm, P. (2023). Multiple intelligence-based differential learning on critical thinking skills of higher education students. International Journal of Advanced and Applied Sciences, 10(8), 132–139. https://doi.org/10.21833/ijaas.2023.08.015
[4] Anggoro, S., Fitriati, A., Thoe, N. K., Talib, C. A., & Mareza, L. (2024). Differentiated instruction based on multiple intelligences as promising joyful and meaningful learning. International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), 13(2), 1194. https://doi.org/10.11591/ijere.v13i2.24791
[5] Anwar, C., Saregar, A., Hasanah, U., & Widayanti, W. (2018). The Effectiveness of Islamic Religious Education in the Universities: The Effects on the Students’ Characters in the Era of Industry 4.0. Tadris: Jurnal Keguruan Dan Ilmu Tarbiyah, 3(1), 77. https://doi.org/10.24042/tadris.v3i1.2162
[6] Arkadas-Thibert, A., & Lansdown, G. (2022). Article 27: The Right to a Standard of Living Adequate for Physical, Mental, Spiritual, Moral, and Social Development (pp. 227–235). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-84647-3_24
[7] Azid, N. H., & Yaacob, A. (2016). Enriching Orphans’ Potentials through Interpersonal and Intrapersonal Intelligence Enrichment Activities. International Journal of Instruction, 9(1), 17–32. https://doi.org/10.12973/iji.2016.913a
[8] Bakar, M. Y. A., Kholis, N., Marpuah, S., NTB, D. F. P. M., S., I. N. S. A. S., U., T. H. O., U., & Kunci, K. (2023). The Innovation of Islamic Education Learning Through Quantum Learning Model. TADRIS: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, 18(2), 66–81. https://doi.org/10.19105/tjpi.v18i2.10236
[9] Baş, G. (2016). The Effect of Multiple Intelligences Theory-Based Education on Academic Achievement: A Meta-Analytic Review. Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice, 16(6), 1833–1864. https://doi.org/10.12738/estp.2016.6.0015
[10] Brunsdon, J. J., & Walker, D. I. (2022). Cultivating character through physical education using memetic, progressive and transformative practices in schools. Journal of Moral Education, 51(4), 477–493. https://doi.org/10.1080/03057240.2021.1894105
[11] Cahyana, C., I, M. P., & Neolaka, A. (2019). The Effect of Instructional Leadership and Naturalistic Intelligence on Students Citizenship Behavior toward Environment Mediated by Environmental Morale/Ethic. Journal of Advanced Research in Dynamical and Control Systems, 11(09-SPECIAL ISSUE), 87–92. https://doi.org/10.5373/JARDCS/V11/20192540
[12] Creswell, J. W., & Creswell, J. D. (2017). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches. Sage publications.
[13] Cubeddu, F., & Scocco, M. (2024). Sociology and Sociological Education in Italy Between Universities and Upper Secondary Schools. The American Sociologist. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12108-024-09620-8
[14] Demirel Ucan, A., & Wright, A. (2019). Improving the pedagogy of Islamic religious education through an application of critical religious education, variation theory and the learning study model. British Journal of Religious Education, 41(2), 202–217. https://doi.org/10.1080/01416200.2018.1484695
[15] Dharin, A., Budiningsih, C. A., & Nurwangid, M. (2024). Developing of Multiple Intelligences-Based Elementary School Learning Kits to Improve Student Creativity. Revista de Gestão Social e Ambiental, 18(7), e05474. https://doi.org/10.24857/rgsa.v18n7-016
[16] Febriani, S. R., Yusnawati, Y., & Anasrudin, A. (2021). Character Building based on Multiple Intelligences Classroom for Elementary School in The Digital Era. PAKAR Pendidikan, 19(2), 50–63. https://doi.org/10.24036/pakar.v19i2.195
[17] Fidelis, A., Moreira, A. C., & Vitória, A. (2024). Multiple perspectives of spiritual intelligence: A systematic literature review. Social Sciences & Humanities Open, 9, 100879. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssaho.2024.100879
[18] Gardner, H. (2017). Taking a multiple intelligences (MI) perspective. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 40, e203. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0140525X16001631
[19] Gunawan, D., Musthafa, B., & Wahyudin, D. (2022). Improving Language Skills Through Linguistic Intelligence Learning Design. Jurnal Ilmiah Peuradeun, 10(3), 579. https://doi.org/10.26811/peuradeun.v10i3.772
[20] Hakim, S. N., Kumaidi, & Rahman, A. (2022). Quantum Learning Model to Increase The Internalization of Islamic Values In Busthanul Athfal. Proceedings of the International Conference on Islamic and Muhammadiyah Studies (ICIMS 2022, 676. https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.220708.042
[21] He, E., Ye, X., & Zhang, W. (2023). The effect of parenting styles on adolescent bullying behaviours in China: The mechanism of interpersonal intelligence and intrapersonal intelligence. Heliyon, 9(4), e15299. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2023.e15299
[22] Hikmawati, H., Suastra, I. W., Suma, K., & Sudiatmika, A. A. I. A. R. (2024). Online lectures with local wisdom context: efforts to develop students’ higher-order thinking skills. International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), 13(2), 943. https://doi.org/10.11591/ijere.v13i2.25744
[23] Husna, D., Salsabila, U. H., & Ichsan, Y. (2020). Pendidikan Islam Berbasis Multiple Intelligences. TADRIS: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, 15(2), 294–305. https://doi.org/10.19105/tjpi.v15i2.3836
[24] Indriyanti, T., Siregar, K. I., & Lubis, Z. (2017). Etika Interaksi Guru dan Murid Menurut Perspektif Imam Al Ghazali. Jurnal Online Studi Al-Qur’an, 11(2), 129–144. https://doi.org/10.21009/JSQ.011.2.03
[25] Kabir, H. (2013). Science, Democracy and Islam (W. S. Blunt (ed.)). Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203707968
[26] Kandeel, R. A. A. (2016). Multiple Intelligences Patterns among Students at King Saud University and Its Relationship with Mathematics’ Achievement. Journal of Education and Learning, 5(3), 94. https://doi.org/10.5539/jel.v5n3p94
[27] Karman, K., Maslani, M., Anwar, R., Yudhiantara, R. A., & Djubaedi, D. (2024). Enhancing Student Learning Outcomes in The Qur’an Interpretation Course Through The Implementation of The Start From Reading (SFR) Cooperative Learning Model. Nazhruna: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, 7(1), 156–170. https://doi.org/10.31538/nzh.v7i1.4657
[28] Kornhaber, M. L. (2019). The Theory of Multiple Intelligences. In The Cambridge Handbook of Intelligence (pp. 659–678). Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108770422.028
[29] Lee, M. F., Lai, C. S., & Wahid, W. A. (2017). Relationship between multiple intelligence and career interest among the engineering students in vocational colleges. 2017 IEEE 9th International Conference on Engineering Education (ICEED), 76–79. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICEED.2017.8251168
[30] Liliawati, W., Utama, J. A., Ramalis, T. R., & Rochman, A. A. (2018). The Validity of the earth and space science learning materials with orientation on multiple intelligences and character education. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 983, 012037. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/983/1/012037
[31] Miles, M. B., Huberman, A. M., & Saldana, J. (2014). Qualitative Data Analysis: A Methods Sourcebook. Third Edition. SAGE Publications.
[32] Mudlofir, A. (2016). Pendidikan Karakter: Konsep dan Aktualisasinya dalam Sistem Pendidikan Islam. Nadwa: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, 7(2), 229–246. https://doi.org/10.21580/nw.2013.7.2.560
[33] Muhtar, T., & Dallyono, R. (2020). Character Education from the Perspectives of Elementary School Physical Education Teachers. Jurnal Cakrawala Pendidikan, 39(2), 395–408. https://doi.org/10.21831/cp.v39i2.30647
[34] Mukhtar, M., Kune, S., & Syamsuddin, R. (2022). The Effect of Multiple Intelligences-Based Learning Strategies on the Naturalist Intelligence of Elementary School Students. Pedagogik Journal of Islamic Elementary School, 5(2), 213–226. https://doi.org/10.24256/pijies.v5i2.2791
[35] Nurhidayati, M., & Setyaningsih, N. (2024). Analysis of students’ critical thinking skills in solving algebraic operations HOTS problems reviewed from logical-mathematical intelligence of junior high school. 020029. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0183697
[36] O Brien, E. (2020). Enhancing 21st Century Learning Using Digital Learning Objects and Multiple Intelligence Theory (pp. 19–40). https://doi.org/10.4018/978-1-7998-0249-5.ch002
[37] Reay, D. (2020). Sociology of education: a personal reflection on politics, power and pragmatism. British Journal of Sociology of Education, 41(6), 817–829. https://doi.org/10.1080/01425692.2020.1755228
[38] Rosadi, K. I., Musyaffa, A. A., Anwar, K., El Widdah, M., & Fadhil Idarianty, M. (2024). Strengthening emotional intelligence, spiritual intelligence, and school culture on student character. In Religion, Education, Science and Technology towards a More Inclusive and Sustainable Future (pp. 90–96). Routledge. https://doi.org/10.1201/9781003322054-14
[39] Sabila, A. M., Arifin, S., & Humaidi, M. N. (2024). Islamic Boarding School in the Trajectory of Indonesian History: Origins, Characteristics, and Policy Dynamics. Al-Hayat: Journal of Islamic Education, 8(1), 45. https://doi.org/10.35723/ajie.v8i1.440
[40] Shearer, B. (2018). Multiple Intelligences in Teaching and Education: Lessons Learned from Neuroscience. Journal of Intelligence, 6(3), 38. https://doi.org/10.3390/jintelligence6030038
[41] Sugiyono. (2017). Metode Penelitian Pendidikan: Pendekatan Kuantitatif, Kualitatif Dan R & D. Alfabeta.
[42] Sujatmika, S., Hasanah, D., & Hakim, L. L. (2018). Effect of quantum learning model in improving creativity and memory. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1006, 012036. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1006/1/012036
[43] Suprapto, N., Liu, W.-Y., & Ku, C.-H. (2017). The Implementation of Multiple Intelligence in (Science) Classroom: From Empirical Into Critical. Pedagogika, 126(2), 214–227. https://doi.org/10.15823/p.2017.30
[44] Syafii, A., Machali, I., Putro, N. H. P. S., Retnawati, H., & ’Aziz, H. (2022). The effects of multiple intelligences theory on learning success: A meta-analysis in social science. International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), 11(2), 736. https://doi.org/10.11591/ijere.v11i2.22223
[45] Thomas, P., & Perwez, S. K. P. (2024). Influence of Hovard Gardner’s Linguistic Intelligence on Effective Communication. International Research Journal of Multidisciplinary Scope, 05(02), 691–698. https://doi.org/10.47857/irjms.2024.v05i02.0609
[46] Widiana, I. W., & Jampel, I. N. (2016). Improving Students’ Creative Thinking and Achievement through The Implementation of Multiple Intelligence Approach with Mind Mapping. International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), 5(3), 246. https://doi.org/10.11591/ijere.v5i3.4546
[47] Winarti, A., Yuanita, L., & Nur, M. (2019). The effectiveness of multiple intelligences based teaching strategy in enhancing the multiple intelligences and science process skills of junior High School students. Journal of Technology and Science Education, 9(2), 122. https://doi.org/10.3926/jotse.404
[48] Wulansari, R. E., Sakti, R., Ambiyar, A., Giatman, M., Syah, N., & Wakhinuddin, W. (2022). Expert System For Career Early Determination Based On Howard Gardner’s Multiple Intelligence. Journal of Applied Engineering and Technological Science (JAETS), 3(2), 67–76. https://doi.org/10.37385/jaets.v3i2.568
[49] Yerizon, Putra, A. A., & Junita. (2023). Development of students’ multiple intelligence-based junior high school learning devices: Preliminary research. 060019. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0122474
[50] Zaqiah, Q. Y., Heryati, Y., & Narongraksakhet, I. (2021). Implementation of The Thematic-Integrative Learning to Enhance Students Skill in The 4.0 Era. Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, 7(2), 243–254. https://doi.org/10.15575/jpi.v7i2.15220
[51] Zhou, Z., Tavan, H., Kavarizadeh, F., Sarokhani, M., & Sayehmiri, K. (2024). The relationship between emotional intelligence, spiritual intelligence, and student achievement: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Medical Education, 24(1), 217. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12909-024-05208-5
Published
2024-06-12
How to Cite
LUBIS, Hernawan Syahputra; LUBIS, Saiful Akhyar; DAULAY, Nurussakinah. Multiple Intelligences-Based Learning Strategies for Islamic Religious Education in Private Elementary Schools. Al-Hayat: Journal of Islamic Education, [S.l.], v. 8, n. 2, p. 612-632, june 2024. ISSN 2599-3046. Available at: <https://alhayat.or.id/index.php/alhayat/article/view/513>. Date accessed: 13 july 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.35723/ajie.v8i2.513.