The Multiple Intelligences Dimension In Indonesia`s Religious Education

Implementation Studies of Religion Education on Nature-Based Schools in Yogyakarta

  • Anisa Dwi Makrufi Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta
  • Muhammad Risydan Arum Bagas Prihatno Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Abstract

The implementation of the 2013 curriculum as a reference in the education process in Indonesia also impacts on the learning model of religious education. The current education curriculum accommodates students' multiple intelligences. This paper aims to uncover the dimensions and implementation of Islamic Religious Education (PAI) curriculum based on multiple intelligences at the Elementary School level. This study uses a qualitative approach to the type of library research. The results showed that the dimensions of multiple intelligences in the 2013 PAI curriculum at Elementary School level can be seen through the classification of nine intelligences (according to Howard Gadner) in each section of core competence. Spiritual competence contains existential intelligence. Social competence is related to interpersonal and intrapersonal intelligence. In the aspect of knowledge includes logical-mathematical intelligence, linguistic intelligence, musical intelligence. On the other hand, competency skills contain visual-spatial intelligence, kinesthetic intelligence, and naturalist intelligence. Implementation of the concept of multiple intelligences in PAI 2013 curriculum learning can be done by recognizing students' multiple intelligences; preparing a draft of learning; develop learning models, and determine the multiple intelligence-based assessment models in the 2013 PAI curriculum at Elementary School level.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Muhammad Risydan Arum Bagas Prihatno, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Second Author

References

[1] Mulyasa. (2017). Pengembangan dan Implementasi Kurikulum 2013. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya.
[2] Machali, I. (2014). Kebijakan Perubahan Kurikulum 2013 dalam Menyongsong Indonesia Emas Tahun 2045. Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, 3(1), 71. https://doi.org/10.14421/jpi.2014.31.71-94
[3] Salim, A. (2014). Pendekatan Saintifik Dalam Pembelajaran Pendidikan Agama Islam (PAI) di Madrasah. Cendekia, 12.
[4] Kemenag. (2013). Al-Quran dan Terjemahnya. Klaten: CV. Sahabat.
[5] ALI, N. R. (2015). Analisis Konsep Howard Gardner Tentang Kecerdasan Majemuk (Multiple Intelligences) dan Implikasinya Terhadap Pembelajaran Yang Sesuai Dengan Perkembangan Anak di TK Alam Alfa Kids Pati Tahun Ajaran 2014/2015. Skripsi.
[6] Campbell, L., Cambell, B., & Dickinson, D. (2006). Metode Praktis Pembelajaran Berbasis Multiple Intelligences. (S. Amir Kumadin & S. Suryadi Nomi, Eds.) (Edisi ke-2). Depok: Intuisi Press.
[7] Chatib, M. (2016). Sekolahnya Manusia (2nd ed.). Bandung: Kaifa.
[8] Asnah. (2017). Pengembangan Metode Pembelajaran PAI Berbasis Kecerdasan Majemuk. Jurnal Kajian Ilmu-Ilmu Keislaman, 3(2), 227–242.
[9] Krissandi, A. D. S., & Rusmawan, R. (2015). Kendala Guru Sekolah Dasar Dalam Implementasi Kurikulum 2013. Jurnal Cakrawala Pendidikan, 3(3), 457–467. https://doi.org/10.21831/cp.v3i3.7409.
[10] Gardner, H. (1987). The Theory of Multiple Intelligences Author ( s ): Howard Gardner Source : Annals of Dyslexia , Vol . 37 ( 1987 ), pp . 19-35 Published by : Springer Stable URL : http://www.jstor.org/stable/23769277 Accessed : 19-05-2016 01 : 59 UTC The Theory of Multipl. Annals of Dyslexia, 37(May), 19–35.
[11] Gambar Macam-macam Kecerdasan Majemuk. (n.d.). (https://hunterswritings.com/2016/03/16/how-to-write-better-using-our-multiple-intelligences/).
[12] Gardner, Howard. (2004). Multiple Intelligences. (D. L. Saputra, Ed.). Tanggerang Selatan.
[13] Said, A., & Budimanjaya, A. (2016). 95 Strategi Mengajar Multiple Intelligences. Jakarta: Prenadamedia Group.
[14] Musfiroh, T. (2014). Pengembangan Kecerdasan Majemuk. Hakikat Kecerdasan Majemuk (Multiple Intelegences), 60, 1–60. Retrieved from http://repository.ut.ac.id/4713/2/PAUD4404-TM.pdf.
[15] Amin, R. (2015). Pengembangan Pendidikan Agama Islam.
[16] Ministry of Religion. (2014). Keputusan Menteri Agama RI Nomor 165 Tahun 2014 tentang Kurikulum 2013 Mata Pelajaran Pendidikan Agama Islam dan Bahasa Arab Pada Madrasah, (20).
[17] Nurdyansyah, M. &. (2015). Pendekatan Pembelajaran Saintifik (01 ed.). Sidoarjo: Nizamia Learning Center.
[18] Hidayati, L. (2013). Kurikulum 2013 dan Arah Baru Pendidikan Agama Islam. Insania, 19(1), 60–86.
[19] Ministry of Education and Culture. (2016c). Permendikbud Nomor 22 Tahun 2016 Tentang Standar Proses Pendidikan Dasar Dan Menengah, 1–15.
[20] Ministry of Education and Culture. (2013c). Permendikbud Nomor 66 Tahun 2013 Tentang Standar Penilaian Pendidikan.
[21] Ministry of Education and Culture. (2018). Permendikbud nomor 37 tahun 2018 tentang Kompetensi Inti Dan Kompetensi Dasar Pelajaran Pada Kurikulum 2013 Pada Pendidikan Dasar Dan Pendidikan Menengah.
[22] Machali, I. (2018). Dimensi Kecerdasan Majemuk Dalam Kurikulum 2013. Insania : Jurnal Pemikiran Alternatif Kependidikan, 19(1), 21–45. https://doi.org/10.24090/insania.v19i1.462.
[23] Ministry of Education and Culture. (2014b). Permendikbud Nomor 103 Tahun 2014 Tentang Pembelajaran Pada Pendidikan dasar dan Pendidikan Menengah.
[24] Minsih. (2013). Pengembangan Kecerdasan Majemuk Pada Implementasi Kurikulum 2013, 278–286. Disajikan dalam Seminar Nasional Kurikulum 2013.
[25] Armstrong, T. (2013). Kecerdasan Multipel di dalam Kelas. Jakarta: Indeks.
[26] Suparno, P. (2008). Konsep Inteligensi Ganda dan Aplikasinya di Sekolah. Yogyakarta: Kanisius.
[27] Martaningsih, S. T., Maryani, I., & Fatmawati, L. (2015). Modul Pelatihan IbM Active Learning Guru SD dan Pelatihan Penilaian Autentik. Prodi PGSD FKIP Universitas Ahmad Dahlan Bekerjasama Dengan Direktorat Jenderal Pendidikan Tinggi Kemenristekdikti Dan Majelis Dikdadmen PDM Sleman & Bantul.
[28] Ministry of Education and Culture, Kemendikbud. (2016c). Permendikbud Nomor 22 Tahun 2016 Tentang Standar Proses Pendidikan Dasar Dan Menengah, 1–15.
[29] Chatib, M. (2018). Gurunya Manusia (03 ed.). Bandung: Kaifa.
[30] Machali, I. (2018). Dimensi Kecerdasan Majemuk Dalam Kurikulum 2013. Insania : Jurnal Pemikiran Alternatif Kependidikan, 19 (1), 21–45. https://doi.org/10.24090/insania.v19i1.462.
[31] Makrufi, A. D., Islamic Education Model with Multiple Intelligences Approach, Munif chatib Perspective, Elementary : Islamic Teacher Journal, 05 (01), 2017, 40-66.
Published
2020-08-24
How to Cite
MAKRUFI, Anisa Dwi; PRIHATNO, Muhammad Risydan Arum Bagas. The Multiple Intelligences Dimension In Indonesia`s Religious Education. Al-Hayat: Journal of Islamic Education, [S.l.], v. 4, n. 2, p. 138-150, aug. 2020. ISSN 2599-3046. Available at: <https://alhayat.or.id/index.php/alhayat/article/view/107>. Date accessed: 27 nov. 2020. doi: https://doi.org/10.35723/ajie.v4i2.107.